The Insstitutions of The Palace

The reason why this new palace was later called “The Topkapi Palace” was that the gate by the “Cannon” which was placed at the location of “Saray Bumu” with the purpose of protecting the palace against the dangers that could come from the sea, was called “Topkapi” (The Cannon Gate)

The “First Court” was located between the outermost gate, of the palace, which was called “Bab-i Hümayun” (The Sacred Gate/Imperial Gate) opposite the St. Sophia Museum and the “Middle Gate” of the palace which was located at a more inner side. The area between the “First Court” and the “Middle Gate” and the “Babüssaade” which meant “The Gate of Felicity” or the “Akagalar Gate” was called the second court or the “Alay Meydam” (the Ceremonial Court). “The Third Court” which was situated at a more inner place than “Babüssaade” was called the “Enderun” or the “Harem”. The place where the affairs of the state were rim and where the “Divani Hümayun” (The Imperial Council) met was situated on the left hand side of the “Ceremonial Court” which was the second court of the place. The treasury, the Office of the Rolls of the Exchequer and the place where fiscal documents were kept were situated at the referenced place.

The offices of the persons belonging to the palace who had their assignments in the Palace and who were called the “Birun Halki” (the outsiders) were situated within the First Court of the Palace, in other words they were situated between the Imperial Gate and the Middle Gate. The “Arz Oda-si” (The Imperial Reception Hall) where the Sultan received the members of the Imperial Council and the foreign ambassadors was situated in the “Enderun”. In the same area there were also “Hirka-i Saadet Dairesi” (the Holy Trust Section) where the Cloak of His Holiness Mohammed and the other holy relics were kept, the’sections where the family of the Sultan dwelled and the rooms and dormitories of the people of “Enderun” were situated.

Gate keepers performed their duties under the protocol

officer of the Palace who was called the “Kapicilar Kethüda-si”, both at the first gate called the Imperial Gate and the more inner middle gate. Both of the gates were guarded by the referenced gate keepers while the third gate making an entrance to “Harem-i Hümayun” (The Imperial harem) called “Babüssaade” were guarded by “Akagalar” (The White Eunuchs of the Palace).

 

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Istanbul Palaces and Kasirs

Dolmabahce Palace

Sultan Abdulmecit moved his court from Topkapi Palace to Dolmabahce Palace in 1855.

The palace that was built in showy style called Sekerci Style, is built by the Armenian Balyan family.

It forms a complex with Dolmabahqe Mosque and the Clock Tower. Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, the founder of modern Turkey, died in this palace in 1938. The interior decoration of the palace is in harmony with the complexity of the exterior surface which extends as far as 500 meters parallel to the sea.

(Open between 9 AM -4 PM everyday except Monday and tbursday, Dolmabahce Caddesi (Dolmabahce).

Dolmabahce Palace, constructed in 1855, after Topkapi Palace, is an imposing building on the sea shore.

Kuguksu Kasri

Next to Anadolu Hisan, right at the shore is Kuquksu Kasn with its pretty fountain, from the 19th century.

Open between 9.30 AM – 5 PM everyday except Monday and Thursday, Anadolu Hisarı

Aynali Kavak Kasri

Aynali Kavak Kasi, located at the shore of Bosphorus, is a palace decorated with Venetian mirrors. The palace that was built in the 18^ century by the order of Sultan Selim UI and rebuilt in 1830, hosts the cultural activities today. Open between 9.30 AM – 5 PM every day except Monday and Thursday, Kasimpasa Haskoy Yolu (Kasimpasa).

Tekfur Sarayi

As the best palace in terms of condition remained from Byzantium,

Tekfur Sarayi, with its three-floor decorative exterior surface, is dates to the late 13th century with a great possibility.

It was built between the front and main walls of Theodosian Walls.

Open between 9 AM – 12.30 PM and 1.30 PM-5 PM everyday except Monday,

Hoca Sakir/Sishane Caddesi (Ayvansaray).

Beylerbeyi Kasri

Beylerbeyi Kasi that is located on the Asian side, to the north of the Bosphorus Bridge was a pavilion where the empires and sultans hosted their guests. Its construction was completed in 1865.

Open between 9.30 AM – 5 PM Every day except Monday and Thursday, Beylerbeyi.

Bab-i Ali and Alay Kosku

Bab-i Ali used to have the same impression between r843-i922, what Kremlin has today for the European politicians. Alay Kosku, with its wavy roof and two fountains is across the building that was once the administrative centre of Ottoman Empire.

Alemdar Caddesi (Sultanahmet).

Open between 9.30 AM – 5 PM everyday except Monday and Thursday,

Sait Halim Pasha Chalet

Sait Halim Pasa Chalet, which is placed in Yenikoy, is now back to the life after the restoration works that lasted for years. The chalet, which was built as a sea palace by Petraki Adamandidis from Canakkale in the first years of 19th century, is placed in a garden that has a pier and also a gate to Bosphorus. It is also named a “chalet with lions” because of the two lion sculptures that are in the front of the garden called “selamlik”.

Rooms lined up around the middle sofa constitute the main plan of the chalet, rising on the marble basement as two levels. South part and north parts of the chalet are separated for men and women only. The entrance to the both parts is through the glassed-in sections. In spite of the plain exterior of the chalet the interior walls and ceilings are decorated by Arabic influenced ornaments.

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