However the Atmeidan has develop into in itself well-known throughout the reign of the current Sultan by its historic associations associations that are much more attention-grabbing than even the antiquarian treasures that it accommodates; for it was right here that, throughout the destruction of the Janissaries in 1823, that fated physique made a vigorous although ineffectual stand towards the troops of their Imperial grasp. Hundreds are stated to have fallen on this sq. alone by the weapons of the soldier}’ of the Nizam Attiek,* and the musketry to which they had been uncovered from the home windows of the neighbouring homes. Right here, too, a number of of the ringleaders had been captured, and hanged by order of the Sultan, on a big plane-tree close to the gate main into the outer court docket of the mosque, which has since been known as by the Turks, “ the Tree of Groans.”
Tlte inside of Sultan Achmct is mainly outstanding, architecturally, for the immense measurement of the 4 columns which assist the dome; for its spacious and stylish galleries, roofed with mosaic; and for its lofty marble pulpit. Its paramount declare to curiosity exists, nevertheless, within the reality, that it was inside these partitions that the Sandjak Sherif, or Sacred Commonplace of Mahomet was uncovered, after the refusal of the Janissaries to submit themselves to the desire of the Sultan.
The Sandjak Sherif
The Sandjak Sherif had not been publicly exhibited within the capital for half a century; and the thought was a most politic one, as all the passion and fanaticism of the empire was positive to he enlisted beneath its folds. This commonplace, so revered by all good Musselmauns, is believed to have been the nether garment of Mahomet, and is essentially the most solemn relic possessed by his disciples; and its look rallied directly each religious Moslem within the ranks of the sovereign.
A procession was shaped from the Imperial Treasury to the mosque of Sultan Achmet; the Sultan, attended by all his court docket and family, was preceded by the Ulema and Softas of town, rehearsing verses from the Koran. Public criers introduced the exhibition of the holy commonplace all through the capital, and the thrill was past all precedent.
“When the cortege reached the mosque, which they entered by the good gate reverse the Atmcidan, the Chcek-Islam mounted the steps of the pulpit, and planted the Sandjak Sherif there with holy reverence; and as he did so, tilt* Sultan pronounced an anathema towards all those that refused to obey an authority so supported.